The LORD spoke unto Moses, saying, Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, concerning the feasts of the LORD, which ye shall proclaim to be holy convocations, even these are my feasts... (Leviticus 23:1-2)
Below is a brief description of each of God's Holy Days and a calendar of their upcoming dates through the year 2015. If you are looking for information about the Eternal Church of God's Holy Day observance, please click here.
The Passover (Lev. 23:25) represents one of the most powerful images in all the scriptures. It pictures a time of great deliverance. In the Old Covenant, this day commemorated the deliverance of Israel from the bondage it suffered while enslaved in Egypt. But it also looked forward to a greater deliverance.
In the New Testament, the Passover pictures the sacrifice of Jesus Christ (1 Cor. 5:7). Today, every year, God's people around the world keep the Passover at its appointed time (Lk. 22:14) to commemorate the death of the Savior of the World. For Just as the blood of the lamb made it possible for the Israelites to escape death (Ex. 12:12-13), the blood of Jesus Christ makes it possible for man to be reconciled back to God (Rom. 5:10) and to escape eternal death (Jn. 3:16; Eph. 1:7, 1Pt. 1:19-20; 1Jn. 1:7).
The Feast of Unleavened Bread
The Feast of Unleavened Bread (Lev. 23:6-9) pictures a time when the children of Israel came out of Egypt (Ex. 12). In the New Testament, these days picture God's people coming out of sin (1Cor. 5:7-8). Egypt is pictured as a type of sin, as is leavened bread. These days commemorate our fight against sin and the importance of overcoming (Rev. 3:21). Click the following link for a list of leavening agents.
Pentecost (The Feast of Weeks)
The Day of Pentecost, which takes place 50 days after the Sabbath following the Passover (Lev. 23:10-23), pictures a time when God established His covenant with the nation of Israel. At that time, God gave Israel His great moral code: the Ten Commandments. Some scholars believe that God gave Moses and the children of Israel the Ten Commandments on the very day of Pentecost (Ex. 19 and 20).
This day also looked forward to the time when God would make a new covenant with His people (Jer. 31:31-34). At that time, God would write His law on the heart of those who repented and came out of sin. This new covenant was established on the Day of Pentecost 31 A.D. and is described in the second chapter of the book of Acts. Pentecost, which takes place during the spring harvest (a small harvest), reveals that God is only calling a few at this time. These few are referred to as the firstfruits (Jas. 1:18). Those who keep the Day of Pentecost give honor to God and His calling.
The Feast of Trumpets
The Feast of Trumpets (Lev. 23:24-25) pictures a time when Jesus Christ will return and gather His saints. The apostle Paul spoke of this as a time when the dead in Christ will be raised incorruptible and meet Jesus Christ in the air (1Cor. 15:51-52; 1Thes. 4:13-17). This day also pictures a time of great deliverance when Jesus Christ and His servants will make war with the earth and subdue all nations (Jude 14, 15; Rev. 19:11-21).
The Day of Atonement
The Day of Atonement (Lev. 23:26-32) pictures a time when all the sins that Satan has perpetrated will be conveyed back to him (Lev. 16) and he will be bound up and cast into a bottomless pit for one thousand years (Rev. 20:1-3). This day also pictures the atoning sacrifice of Jesus Christ and looks forward to a time when man will be reconciled to God (Ro. 10:5) and finally be "at one" with Him. Once this is accomplished, Jesus Christ will preside over God’s great millennial Kingdom.
The Feast of Tabernacles
The Feast of Tabernacles (Lev. 23:34) pictures God’s Kingdom on earth when Jesus Christ will dwell with man and make His tabernacle with him. It is a time when the world will be filled with peace and prosperity (Isa. 2:4; 32:18). At that time, Jesus Christ and His saints will rule from Jerusalem (Dan. 7:22) and the knowledge of God will cover the earth as the waters cover the sea (Isa. 11:9).
The Last Great Day
After the conclusion of the seven days of the Feast of Tabernacles, there is yet a seventh and final holy day. While separate, and having its own symbolic meaning, this time is also considered part of the Feast of Tabernacles, picturing God’s Kingdom on earth and the seeds that will be sown for the eventual garnering of the Eternal’s final and great harvest of mankind.
This holy time is referred to as the Last Great Day in the New Testament (Jn. 7:37), and the eighth day of the feast in the Old Covenant (Lev 23:36). As the numeral seven denotes that which is full and complete, the number eight pictures the end of one thing and the beginning of another. Thus, this day portrays man leaving his temporary physical life behind and entering the beginning an entirely new and everlasting era.
It portrays a final resurrection and judgment of all those not saved during this present age. An innumerable number of individuals, who were first raised to physical life at the end of the millennium (Ezk. 37), who then chose to live God's way, will find that their names are written in the book of life. These people will finally be able to join with those who were raised as spirit beings in the first resurrection (Rev. 20:5-6; 21:3). The individuals whose names are not found in the book of life will be put out of their misery in a consuming lake of fire—a second death (Rev. 20:11-15). The physical universe will also be vaporized in this conflagration (2 Pt. 3:10-13). God will then create a new heaven and earth. The New Jerusalem will descend from heaven to become the capital city of God’s newly created world (Rev. 21:1-5).
By observing this day, God’s people honor His majestic sovereignty over the entire universe. They celebrate the culmination of the Almighty’s wonderful plan for mankind and the enormous hope of the new eternal destiny He has prepared for all His children (Psa. 16:11).
|Roman Year||First Day of Year||Passover
(observed the evening prior)
|Feast of Unleavened Bread||Pentecost||Feast of Trumpets||Day of Atonement||Feast of Tabernacles||Last Great Day|
|2011||April 5||April 18 (2nd Passover May 18)||April 19-25||June 12||Sept. 29||Oct. 8||Oct. 13-19||Oct. 20|
|2012||March 24||April 6 (2nd Passover May 6)||April 7-13||May 27||Sept. 17||Sept. 26||Oct. 1-7||Oct. 8|
|2013||March 12||March 25 (2nd Passover April 24)||Mar. 26-Apr. 1||May 19||Sept. 5||Sept. 14||Sept. 19-25||Sept. 26|
|2014||April 1||April 14 (2nd Passover May 14)||April 15-21||June 10||Sept. 25||Oct. 4||Oct. 9-15||Oct. 16|
|2015||March 21||April 3 (2nd Passover May 3)||April 4-10||May 24||Sept. 14||Sept. 23||Sept. 28-Oct. 4||Oct. 5|